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Case Studies


Traditionally Finnish and Norwegian Fences are timber intensive - whereas Scottish ones are sparing of a relatively meagre resource.

The illustrations show firstly some Lapp fencing in the traditional style with a diagonal three dimensional structure. This is then followed by a simple diagonal fence system as found in Norway and occasionally in Scotland.

John Kristofferson’s Snow Wind and Noise Fence is a sophisticated and industrialised version of the post and rail fence.(See SWAN-F)

This is followed by a ‘natural’ version of these in the form of a coppice hedge fence and finally the Scottish post and wire fence illustrates design when there is a shortage of wood.

Lapp Fence
(source: Gaia)
A traditional Lappish fence used to control livestock.

Diagonal Braced
Post & Rail Fence
(source: Gaia)
A different design, also traditional, braced on one side to give one vertical face.

Snow, Wind,
Noise Fence
(source: Kristofferson)
A modern use of roundpole within steel frames, used to control snow drifting in open areas.
Coppice Hedge
(source: Gaia)
The use of living plants, split and woven diagonally to produce traditional hedges.
Post & Wire
(source: Gaia)
A common use of poles, buried in soil, tensioned with wire and braced at regular intervals.